Comment transformer une page .html en site wordpress I

Comment transformer une page .html en site wordpress I

Dans ce tuto nous allons voir comment passer d’une simple page html/css à un véritable site wordpress. Il s’agit surtout d’intégration, de découpage et de remplacements de lignes de codes par certains mots clés, les fameux template_tags de wordpress.

Je vais prendre pour exemple la première version de ce site, qui a été conçu à partir d’un template html trouvé sur ce  site .

Voici le template html du site, on verra la partie css juste après.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
 <meta charset="utf-8">
 <title>CSS Zen Garden: The Beauty of CSS Design</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" media="screen" href="style.css">
<link rel="alternate" type="application/rss+xml" title="RSS" href="http://www.csszengarden.com/zengarden.xml">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
<meta name="author" content="Dave Shea">
<meta name="description" content="A demonstration of what can be accomplished visually through CSS-based design.">
<meta name="robots" content="all">
<script src="http://use.typekit.net/qoj3gsc.js"></script>
<script>try{Typekit.load();}catch(e){}</script>
<!--[if lt IE 9]>
<script src="script/html5shiv.js"></script>
<![endif]-->
</head>
<body id="css-zen-garden">
<div class="page-wrapper">
<section class="intro" id="zen-intro">
<header role="banner">
<h1>CSS Zen Garden</h1>
<h2>The Beauty of <abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">CSS</abbr> Design</h2>
</header>
<div class="summary" id="zen-summary" role="article">
<p>A demonstration of what can be accomplished through <abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">CSS</abbr>-based design. Select any style sheet from the list to load it into this page.</p>
<p>Download the example <a href="/examples/index" title="This page's source HTML code, not to be modified.">html file</a> and <a href="/examples/style.css" title="This page's sample CSS, the file you may modify.">css file</a></p>
</div>
<div class="preamble" id="zen-preamble" role="article">
<h3>The Road to Enlightenment</h3>
<p>Littering a dark and dreary road lay the past relics of browser-specific tags, incompatible <abbr title="Document Object Model">DOM</abbr>s, broken <abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">CSS</abbr> support, and abandoned browsers.</p>
<p>We must clear the mind of the past. Web enlightenment has been achieved thanks to the tireless efforts of folk like the <abbr title="World Wide Web Consortium">W3C</abbr>, <abbr title="Web Standards Project">WaSP</abbr>, and the major browser creators.</p>
<p>The CSS Zen Garden invites you to relax and meditate on the important lessons of the masters. Begin to see with clarity. Learn to use the time-honored techniques in new and invigorating fashion. Become one with the web.</p>
</div>
</section>
<div class="main supporting" id="zen-supporting" role="main">
<div class="explanation" id="zen-explanation" role="article">
<h3>So What is This About?</h3>
<p>There is a continuing need to show the power of <abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">CSS</abbr>. The Zen Garden aims to excite, inspire, andencourage participation. To begin, view some of the existing designs in the list. Clicking on any one will load the style sheet into this very page. The <abbr title="HyperText Markup Language">HTML</abbr> remains the same, the only thing that has changed is the external <abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">CSS</abbr> file. Yes, really.</p>
<p><abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">CSS</abbr> allows complete and total control over the style of a hypertext document. The only way this can be illustrated in a way that gets people excited is by demonstrating what it can truly be, once the reins are placed in the hands of those able to create beauty from structure. Designers and coders alike have contributed to the beauty of the web; we can always push it further.</p>
</div>
<div class="participation" id="zen-participation" role="article">
<h3>Participation</h3>
<p>Strong visual design has always been our focus. You are modifying this page, so strong <abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">CSS</abbr> skills are necessary too, but the example files are commented well enough that even <abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">CSS</abbr> novices can use them as starting points. Please see the <a href="http://www.mezzoblue.com/zengarden/resources/" title="A listing of CSS-related resources"><abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">CSS</abbr> Resource Guide</a> for advanced tutorials and tips on working with <abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">CSS</abbr>.</p>
<p>You may modify the style sheet in any way you wish, but not the <abbr title="HyperText Markup Language">HTML</abbr>. This may seem daunting at first if you’ve never worked this way before, but follow the listed links to learn more, and use the sample files as a guide.</p>
<p>Download the sample <a href="/examples/index" title="This page's source HTML code, not to be modified.">HTML</a> and <a href="/examples/style.css" title="This page's sample CSS, the file you may modify.">CSS</a> to work on a copy locally. Once you have completed your masterpiece (and please, don’t submit half-finished work) upload your <abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">CSS</abbr> file to a web server under your control. <a href="http://www.mezzoblue.com/zengarden/submit/" title="Use the contact form to send us your CSS file">Send us a link</a> to an archive of that file and all associated assets, and if we choose to use it we will download it and place it on our server.</p>
</div>
<div class="benefits" id="zen-benefits" role="article">
<h3>Benefits</h3>
<p>Why participate? For recognition, inspiration, and a resource we can all refer to showing people how amazing <abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">CSS</abbr> really can be. This site serves as equal parts inspiration for those working on the web today, learning tool for those who will be tomorrow, and gallery of future techniques we can all look forward to.</p>
</div>
<div class="requirements" id="zen-requirements" role="article">
<h3>Requirements</h3>
<p>Where possible, we would like to see mostly <abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets, levels 1 and 2">CSS 1 & 2</abbr> usage. <abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets, levels 3 and 4">CSS 3 & 4</abbr> should be limited to widely-supported elements only, or strong fallbacks should be provided. The CSS Zen Garden is about functional, practical <abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">CSS</abbr> and not the latest bleeding-edge tricks viewable by 2% of the browsing public. The only real requirement we have is that your <abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">CSS</abbr> validates.</p>
<p>Luckily, designing this way shows how well various browsers have implemented <abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">CSS</abbr> by now. When sticking to the guidelines you should see fairly consistent results across most modern browsers. Due to the sheer number of user agents on the web these days — especially when you factor in mobile — pixel-perfect layouts may not be possible across every platform. That’sokay, but do test in as many as you can. Your design should work in at least IE9+ and the latest Chrome, Firefox, iOS and Android browsers (runby over 90% of the population).</p>
<p>We ask that you submit original artwork. Please respect copyright laws. Please keep objectionable material to a minimum, and try to incorporate unique and interesting visual themes to your work. We’re well past the point of needing another garden-related design.</p>
<p>This is a learning exercise as well as a demonstration. You retain full copyright on your graphics (with limited exceptions, see <a href="http://www.mezzoblue.com/zengarden/submit/guidelines/">submission guidelines</a>), but we ask you release your <abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">CSS</abbr> under a Creative Commons license identical to the <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/" title="View the Zen Garden's license information.">one on this site</a> so that others may learn from your work.</p>
<p role="contentinfo">By <a href="http://www.mezzoblue.com/">Dave Shea</a>. Bandwidth graciously donated by <a href="http://www.mediatemple.net/">mediatemple</a>. Now available: <a href="http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0321303474/mezzoblue-20/">Zen Garden, the book</a>.</p>
</div>
<footer>
<a href="http://validator.w3.org/check/referer" title="Check the validity of this site’s HTML" class="zen-validate-html">HTML</a>
<a href="http://jigsaw.w3.org/css-validator/check/referer" title="Check the validity of this site’s CSS" class="zen-validate-css">CSS</a>
<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/" title="View the Creative Commons license of this site: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike." class="zen-license">CC</a>
<a href="http://mezzoblue.com/zengarden/faq/#aaa" title="Read about the accessibility of this site" class="zen-accessibility">A11y</a>
<a href="https://github.com/mezzoblue/csszengarden.com" title="Fork this site on Github" class="zen-github">GH</a>
</footer>
</div>
<aside class="sidebar" role="complementary">
<div class="wrapper">
<div class="design-selection" id="design-selection">
<h3 class="select">Select a Design:</h3>
<nav role="navigation">
<ul>
<li>
<a href="/220/" class="design-name">Garments</a> by <a href="http://danielmall.com/" class="designer-name">Dan Mall</a>
</li> <li>
<a href="/219/" class="design-name">Steel</a> by <a href="http://steffen-knoeller.de" class="designer-name">Steffen Knoeller</a>
</li> <li>
<a href="/218/" class="design-name">Apothecary</a> by <a href="http://trentwalton.com" class="designer-name">Trent Walton</a>
</li> <li>
<a href="/217/" class="design-name">Screen Filler</a> by <a href="http://elliotjaystocks.com/" class="designer-name">Elliot Jay Stocks</a>
</li> <li>
<a href="/216/" class="design-name">Fountain Kiss</a> by <a href="http://jeremycarlson.com." class="designer-name">Jeremy Carlson</a>
</li> <li>
<a href="/215/" class="design-name">A Robot Named Jimmy</a> by <a href="http://meltmedia.com/" class="designer-name">meltmedia</a>
</li> <li>
<a href="/214/" class="design-name">Verde Moderna</a> by <a href="http://www.mezzoblue.com/" class="designer-name">Dave Shea</a>
</li> <li>
<a href="/213/" class="design-name">Under the Sea!</a> by <a href="http://www.ericstoltz.com/" class="designer-name">Eric Stoltz</a>
</li> </ul>
</nav>
</div>
<div class="design-archives" id="design-archives">
<h3 class="archives">Archives:</h3>
<nav role="navigation">
<ul>
<li class="next">
<a href="/220/page1">
Next Designs <span class="indicator">›</span>
</a>
</li>
<li class="viewall">
<a href="http://www.mezzoblue.com/zengarden/alldesigns/" title="View every submission to the Zen Garden.">
View All Designs </a>
</li>
</ul>
</nav>
</div>
<div class="zen-resources" id="zen-resources">
<h3 class="resources">Resources:</h3>
<ul>
<li class="view-css">
<a href="/220/220.css" title="View the source CSS file of the currently-viewed design.">
View This Design’s <abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">CSS</abbr> </a>
</li>
<li class="css-resources">
<a href="http://www.mezzoblue.com/zengarden/resources/" title="Links to great sites with information on using CSS.">
<abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">CSS</abbr> Resources </a>
</li>
<li class="zen-faq">
<a href="http://www.mezzoblue.com/zengarden/faq/" title="A list of Frequently Asked Questions about the Zen Garden.">
<abbr title="Frequently Asked Questions">FAQ</abbr> </a>
</li>
<li class="zen-submit">
<a href="http://www.mezzoblue.com/zengarden/submit/" title="Send in your own CSS file.">
Submit a Design </a>
</li>
<li class="zen-translations">
<a href="http://www.mezzoblue.com/zengarden/translations/" title="View translated versions of this page.">
Translations </a>
</li>
</ul>
</div>
</div>
</aside>
</div><div class="extra1" role="presentation"></div><div class="extra2" role="presentation"></div><div class="extra3" role="presentation"></div>
<div class="extra4" role="presentation"></div><div class="extra5" role="presentation"></div><div class="extra6" role="presentation"></div>
</body>
</html>

Voici à quoi ressemble notre template html: la page d’accueil :

ccueil

Et la page des articles :

inde

Une Nouvelle arborescence:

Maintenant qu’on a notre page, il faut d’abord la découper pour se conformer à l’architecture des pages du CMS WordPress. On sait qu’il faut séparer le header, l’index, le footer, et avoir si possible une home page, une sidebar et d’ autres pages qu’on ajoutera en fonction de nos besoins.

D’abord le header: : on va aller chercher dans les thèmes par défaut de wordpress, tels que twenty-ten->twenty-fourteen les en-têtes obligatoires. On ouvre un dossier twenty-machin, on ouvre le fichier header.php .

Et la on s’apercoit qu’il reprend tout ce dont on a besoin.(le RSS, le lien au blog, la version de wordpress etc etc etc ) au final, je n’ai rien gardé du header originel, je l’ai entièrement remplacé par les en-têtes classiques d’un site wordpress.

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
 <head>
 <title><?php bloginfo('name') ?><?php if (is_404()) : ?> » <?php _e('Not Found') ?><?php elseif (is_home()) : ?> » <?php bloginfo('description') ?><?php else : ?><?php wp_title() ?><?php endif ?></title>
 <meta name="description" content="Des tutos pour les plus nuls!!"> 
 <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="<?php bloginfo('html_type'); ?>; charset=<?php bloginfo('charset'); ?>" />
 <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
 <meta name="author" content="Dave Shea">
 <meta name="robots" content="all"> 
<!--[if lt IE 9]>
<script src="http://html5shiv.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/html5.js"></script>
<![endif]-->
<meta name="generator" content="WordPress <?php bloginfo('version'); ?>" />
<link rel="stylesheet" href="<?php bloginfo('stylesheet_url'); ?>" type="text/css" media="screen" />
<link rel="alternate" type="application/rss+xml" title="RSS 2.0" href="<?php bloginfo('
<link rel="alternate" type="text/xml" title="RSS .92" href="<?php bloginfo('rss_url'); ?>" />
<link rel="alternate" type="application/atom+xml" title="Atom 0.3" href="<?php bloginfo('atom_url'); ?>" />
<link rel="pingback" href="<?php bloginfo('pingback_url'); ?>" /><?php wp_head(); ?>
<script type="text/javascript" src="<?php bloginfo("template_url"); ?>/js/jquery.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="<?php bloginfo("template_url"); ?>/js/verification.js"></script>
<link rel="alternate" type="application/rss+xml" title="RSS" href="http://www.csszengarden.com/zengarden.xml"/>
<!--[if lt IE 9]>
<script src="script/html5shiv.js"></script>
<![endif]-->
<script src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1/jquery.js"></script>
<?php wp_head(); ?>
</head>

Les liens pointent vers leur source via les template tags du type :

<?php bloginfo(« template_url »); ?>pour aller chercher des fichiers à la racine du site ,

<?php bloginfo(‘stylesheet_url’); ?> pour la feuille de style principale. J’y ai rajouté les liens pour mes fichiers javascrit « verification.js » et « jquery.js ».
Ensuite, toujours dans le header, à la suite, j’ouvre mon body et ma balise container qui va envelopper tout mon site. Je place ici la ou les sections que je veux voir apparaître sur chaque page.
Le header sera appelé au début de chaque page avec le template_tag <?php get_header;?>

<body>
 <div class="page-wrapper">
   <section class="intro" id="zen-intro">
    <header role="banner">
     <h1>Des tutos pour les plus nuls!!</h1>
     <h2>Apprendre à réaliser ses <abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">sites internet</abbr>      ou pages web</h2>
    </header>
<div class="summary" id="zen-summary" role="article">
<p>Ici des astuces et techniques de developpement <abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">CSS, HTML, PHP, Javascript</abbr>. et surtout Wordpress.</p>
</div>
</section>

On doit laisser ouvertes les balises html, body et la div globale dans cette page, on les refermera dans la page footer.php

Ce code est vraiment un exemple simpliste, chacun structure son site différemment, mais il faut juste bien comprendre le découpage des pages.

Update:

Dans les récents thèmes wordpress, les en-têtes du header sont simplifiées à outrance:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<!--[if IE 7]>
<html class="ie ie7" <?php language_attributes(); ?>>
<![endif]-->
<!--[if IE 8]>
<html class="ie ie8" <?php language_attributes(); ?>>
<![endif]-->
<!--[if !(IE 7) | !(IE 8) ]><!-->
<html <?php language_attributes(); ?>>
<!--<![endif]-->
<head>
	<meta charset="<?php bloginfo( 'charset' ); ?>">
	<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width">
	<title><?php wp_title( '|', true, 'right' ); ?></title>
	<link rel="profile" href="http://gmpg.org/xfn/11">
	<link rel="pingback" href="<?php bloginfo( 'pingback_url' ); ?>">
	<!--[if lt IE 9]>
	<script src="<?php echo get_template_directory_uri(); ?>/js/html5.js"></script>
	<![endif]-->
	<?php wp_head(); ?>
</head>

Dans ce cas, on fait appel à nos fichiers css ou js depuis functions.php avec les fonctions wp_enqueue-style ou wp_enqueue_script, y compris notre fichier style.css.

function twentyfourteen_scripts() {
// Load our main stylesheet.
	wp_enqueue_style( 'twentyfourteen-style', get_stylesheet_uri(), array( 'genericons' ) );
}

Retrouvez la suite du tuto dans l’article suivant

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